DR. MOSES THOMPSON (1776-1858) was the first doctor in the Western Reserve. Born in Goshen, Connecticut. At age 17, he began a four-year apprenticeship under several prominent New England physicians, a common practice at the time to achieving medical certification as very few medical schools existed. In 1800, Dr. Thompson, along with other early pioneers traveled with town founder David Hudson to Range 10, Town 4, what would later be known as Hudson, Ohio. Dr. Thompson purchased 750 acres of land for himself, his father and brothers, and later returned with his family, settling on a farm two miles southwest of the center of Hudson.
For ten years, Dr. Thompson was the only physician in the Western Reserve. Traveling on horseback, Thompson’s ride extended from Lake Erie south as far as fifty miles. During the War of 1812, he served as a surgeon in the Ohio Militia under Major George Darrow.
Dr. Thompson contributed widely to the developing field of medicine in the area serving as a preceptor for many medical students and was an early member of the first medical society in the Western Reserve, later helping to organize the Summit County Medical Society.
After the War, Thompson retired from medicine and turned his attention to agriculture and livestock. He was said to be a precursor to the area’s later booming cheese and butter industry. Dr. Thompson once traveled to Pittsburgh to sell a wagonload of cheese, the proceeds of which he used to purchase the town’s very first church bell.
Dr. Thompson died at the age of 82 in 1858. He is buried in the Old Hudson Township Burying Ground on Chapel Street.
Early pioneer physicians, like Dr. Thompson, were the only source of medical care of the Western Reserve and were often considered the most valuable asset in their community. Navigating the area on horseback, Dr. Thompson brought with him a portable apothecary and medical equipment.
Instruments and drugs of early pioneer medicine varied widely based on the doctor’s own training and access to supplies. Contents of the glass vials in Dr. Thompson’s saddlebags are unknown, except for one labeled “belladonna.” Belladonna (Atropa belladonna), also known as deadly nightshade, was an herb used in early medicine for a variety of ailments. Ohio pioneer doctors were known to source drugs and other supplies in Pittsburgh as well as use many herbs and medicines indigenous to Ohio. Drugs as ipecac, calomel, borax, arsenic, camphor, ammonium hydroxide, laudanum and salts, were common to pioneer doctors of this area.
Based on the inventory of saddlebags of other Ohio pioneer doctors of this time, it is likely that in addition to drugs, Thompson’s saddlebags also contained catheters, lancets, syringes and dental instruments like a turnkey (or dental key) used to extract teeth. A story survives that Thompson once rode twenty-five miles to Cleveland on a stormy night just to perform a tooth extraction.
The saddlebags received conservation treatment at the ICA – Art Conservation (ICA) in 2020, thanks to a grant from the Federal Institute of Museum and Library Services LSTA grant awarded by the State Library of Ohio.